TYPE 2 DIABETES symptoms are hard to spot because they don’t necessarily cause you to feel unwell. But being familiar with signs of the condition can help you dodge serious health complications. One indicator is daytime napping for a certain amount of time.
The condition is where the body doesn’t react to insulin properly and is often caused by a person being overweight or obese.
But if type 2 diabetes is left untreated, serious complications can occur, including kidney problems and nerve damage.
In findings presented in 2016 at the European Association for the Study of Disease annual meeting, it was revealed people who took daytime naps longer than an hour were 45 per cent more likely to have type 2 diabetes compared to those who napped less or not at all.
The study authors added it’s not likely that napping during the day actually causes diabetes.
But they said it could be a warning sign of an underlying health problem, such as sleep deprivation or depression, which are all conditions associated with an increased risk of diabetes.
With diabetes, fatigue is caused by number of factors, according to Diabetes.co.uk.
It explains: “High blood sugar levels, either from a lack of the insulin hormone or from insulin resistance, can affect the body’s ability to get glucose from the blood into cells to meet our energy needs.”
Another warning sign of the condition is a common skin condition known as acanthosis nigricans.
Acanthosis nigricans is when areas of the skin darken, such as the neck and armpits.
Other areas of the body typically affected include the groin and joints of the fingers or toes.
As well as being darker, the skin may take on a leathery or velvety feel and the skin may itch or smell.
There can be other causes of acanthosis nigricans, including obesity, underactive thyroid function, and taking corticosteroids or oral contraceptives.
Tingling pain or numbness in the hands and feet can also indicate type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes can cause neuropathy – a long-term complication which affects the nerves – as a result of high blood glucose levels damaging the small blood vessels which supply the nerves.
Other symptoms of type 2 diabetes, according to the NHS, can include:
Peeing more than usual, particularly at night
Losing weight without trying to
Itching around your penis or vagina, or repeatedly getting thrush
Cut or wounds taking longer to heal
Those diagnosed with the condition, plus those looking to prevent it, are advised to make simple changes to their diet, such as counting the amount of carbohydrates they eat.